MIGRATION: Those who wish to leave Modi’s India and migrate abroad need not limit themselves to countries like Canada and New Zealand, which welcome skilled job seekers. The latest country to join the international job market is Portugal. Even Goans whose grandparents have not been born in Portuguese Goa can join the queue outside the Portuguese Consulate at Altinho.

Unlike in the past when only people of Goan origin, including the Portuguese colonies in Gujarat, were entitled to Portuguese passport. This in turn gave you access to jobs in UK and Europe. Following an agreement between India and Portugal, all Indians can now apply for jobs in Portugal. The country which is suffering severe a shortage in skilled workers has thrown open its doors to Indians who want to work in their country. Already the Portuguses government has a scheme for granting citizenship to high net worth individuals. Under the new agreement, migrants will be able to move to other European countries also as Portugal continues to be a membes of the European Economic Community

In a major strengthening of ties between India and Portugal and also opening up opportunities for Goans (Indians) to work in Portugal. The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the signing of an agreement on the recruitment of Indian citizens to work in the Portuguese Republic between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Republic of Portugal.
The present agreement would set an institutional mechanism for partnership and cooperation between India and Portugal on sending and accepting Indian workers. Under this agreement, a Joint Committee will be set up to follow up the implementation of the same.
Signing this agreement with Portugal will add a new destination for Indian migrant workers in an EU member nation, especially in the context of many Indian workers who have returned to India following the Covid-19 pandemic. It will provide new opportunities for skilled Indian workers and professionals. With the conclusion of this agreement, Portugal and India will have a formal arrangement for the recruitment of Indian workers.
Indian workers would have enhanced job opportunities to work in Portugal. The Government-to-Government mechanism proposed in the agreement will ensure that the movement of workers happens smoothly with maximum support from both sides.
If you’re looking to work in Portugal, here’s a guide to finding jobs in Portugal and the requirements for Portuguese work permits.
Finding jobs in Portugal has improved slightly in recent years as the country recovers from an economic crisis. With the right qualifications and research, it’s possible to find a good job or you might consider starting your own business in Portugal.
This guide to finding work in Portugal includes sections on:

Work in Portugal

If you plan to look for a job in Portugal, prepare yourself by researching the job market before moving and set realistic expectations for yourself. You may find some obstacles to finding a job in Portugal. There are a growing number of graduates and so competition in the job market has increased, yet there are still shortages for high skilled workers and in growing industries. You can also read about finding jobs in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal.

Job market in Portugal

Unemployment in Portugal has come down significantly in recent years, from around 12.4% in 2016 to 5.6% as of June 2020. Youth unemployment remains much higher, measuring at 25.6%.
Portugal’s main industries include tourism, textiles, and footwear, hospitality, automotive, construction, electronics, and transportation. The country doesn’t attract as many foreign workers as the bigger European economies, however, there has been a growth of working-age migrants in recent years and they now make up around 3.2% of the active working Portuguese population.

The biggest Portuguese companies are:

• EDP (energy)
• Jeronimo Martins (food retail)
• Galp Energia (energy)
• NOS (telecommunications)
• REN (energy)
• Banco Comercial Portugues (finance)
• Corticeira Amorim (cork supply)
• Altri (wood pulp)
In addition to these, multinational companies with a strong presence in Portugal include Nestlé, Nokia, and Samsung.

Job vacancies in Portugal

The tourism industry is vital to Portugal’s economy, with a variety of seasonal and part-time jobs on offer across the industry, particularly in hotels and catering. In recent years, the call center industry has also boomed, offering good opportunities for multi-lingual workers, while the automotive trade and repair sector and construction showed some job growth.
Skills shortages have been reported in a number of sectors including:
• communications (particularly call centers)
• IT
• healthcare
• tourism and hospitality
• agriculture

Job salaries in Portugal

The Portuguese government reviews the minimum wage annually. In 2020, it stands at Euro 635 (Rs55183.20 )a month based on 14 payments a year, or Euro 740.80 (Rs 64377.51) based on 12 monthly payments. This works out at an hourly rate of around Euro 4.64 (Rs403.23). The average Portuguese salary as of mid-2019 is Euro 1188.06 (Rs103245.60) a month. This makes it one of the lower-paying countries within the EU.

Work culture in Portugal

Portuguese business culture focuses on building close relationships. The family has played an important role in business in Portugal over the years and many businesses are still family-run.
Larger organizations tend to be more hierarchical than in many northern and central European countries. Meetings and negotiations are often more personal than people from countries such as the UK or Germany are used to. Decisions are usually left to the most senior staff. Long business lunches are common and it’s not unusual for them to take place in a business partner’s home.

Labor laws and labor rights in Portugal

Employees in Portugal typically work 40-hour weeks (eight hours per day). Employment law does allow flexibility in certain instances up to a limit of 60 hours per week (12 hours per day).
Full-time employees are entitled to annual leave of 22 days, on top of the compulsory nine days of public holidays.
Employment contracts in Portugal work similarly to many European countries, with permanent, fixed-term, part-time, and intermittent work contracts the most common methods of employment.
Notice periods in Portugal tend to vary according to years of service. Minimum notice periods are:
• 15 days for employees with less than one year of service;
• 30 days for employees with 1-5 years of service;
• 60 days for employees with 5-10 years of service;
• 75 days for employees with over 10 years of service

How to find jobs in Portugal

Expatica jobs in Portugal
You can find suitable openings on the Expatica jobs page, which has a constantly updated list of jobs across Portugal.

If you’re from the EU/EFTA, you can look for a job through EURES, the European Job Mobility Portal, which is maintained by the European Commission. As well as looking for work, you can upload your CV and get advice on looking for work in Portugal.

Public job sites
The Portuguese Public Employment Service (Instituto do Emprego) provides information on job vacancies in Portugal. Here, you can register your CV and access thousands of job listings around the country.

Job websites
There are also various general job websites, including the following:
• Indeed
• Learn4Good
• SAPO Emprego
• Net Empregos
• Empregos Online
• English speaking jobs
If you’re in search of an English-speaking job, then Jobs in Lisbon is a good starting point, with a range of both full-time and part-time jobs listed and the option of uploading your CV.
It’s also worth keeping an eye on English language newspapers, such as Portugal Resident, which runs job adverts in its classifieds section.
Recruitment agencies
As a starting point, look in the Portuguese Business Directory under employment. You can also check out Expatica’s recruitment agency listings here.

Foreign language teaching
To teach English in a school in Portugal, you’ll generally need to have a BA degree and a TEFL certification. Most teaching contracts begin in September and end in late June. Some teachers also choose to teach at English language camps in the summer or take on private lessons. The main cities for teaching jobs are Lisbon, Porto, Coimbra, and Braga. There are more than 30 English language schools across the country.

Embassies and foreign organisations
Check out opportunities at the embassies and consulates in Lisbon and beyond. Most will expect a high standard of both spoken and written Portuguese.
The British Embassy in Lisbon advertises jobs from time-to-time. As well as working on foreign policy issues, the embassy offers various services for British nationals in Lisbon including assistance with emergency travel documentation.

Portuguese newspapers such as Correio de Manhã, Diário de Notícias, Jornal de Notícias (jobs page) and Expresso (jobs portal) are worth checking out to keep an eye on vacancies across Portugal.
Make the first move – speculative applications

Self-employment and freelancing in Portugal

Another option is to set out on your own and either work as a freelancer in Portugal or starting up a Portuguese business.
Around 16.9% of the Portuguese workforce is self-employed and you can do this as long as you have the right to work in Portugal. This includes all EU/EFTA citizens and third-country nationals with the relevant visa.
You can choose from various different legal business structures in Portugal. These include different sole trader or unlimited company set-ups where your individual and business finances are treated as one. This is easier to set up and can be done online in Portugal in a matter of days.
Another option is to set up a type of limited company which exists as a separate legal entity. This can have distinct advantages but also bear in mind that you will have more obligations such as filing separate business tax returns in Portugal.
The Portuguese government has been keen in recent years to encourage entrepreneurs to start businesses and has set up an investment initiative called Portugal Ventures which has invested Euro144 million (Rs 12513.99 million)since 2012. The initiative includes funding for new businesses as well as a startup hub.

Traineeships, internships and volunteering in Portugal

University graduates can find EU-based traineeships via the European Commission Traineeships Office (Bureau de Stages); otherwise, you can search for internships and placements on AIESEC (for students and recent graduates in the UK) or IAESTE (for students in science, engineering, and applied arts). Internships can also be found at Europlacement and Intern Abroad.
For those aged between 17 and 30, you can find volunteer programs at the European Voluntary Service (EVS), where you work abroad for up to 12 months in exchange for board, food, insurance, and a small allowance. Concordia is another organization for volunteer opportunities. For holiday volunteering opportunities, check Workaway.

Applying for a job in Portugal

Once you’ve found a suitable job in Portugal, you need to work on your application to give yourself the best possible chance of landing the job.
The job application process in Portugal usually involves either completing a standardized application form (often done online) or sending a CV with accompanying personal statement. Some applications may require both a form and accompanying CV.
Unless asked, don’t send copies of educational certificates along with your job application but bring them along to the interview if you get to this stage. The interview process can take some time, including psychometric, psychological, or psychometric tests. The exact process will depend on the job you are going for.
If you get the job, your references will be contacted and a start date will be arranged. Expect to provide between 1-3 references, which should be previous employers, college tutors or those who can vouch for your job skills, experience, and character.

Support while looking for a job in Portugal

Like many European countries, Portugal has a social security system that includes an unemployment allowance to provide financial support in times when you don’t have a job. However, this is contribution-based and you need to have worked at least 360 days in the two years prior to claim the full amount. Other conditions include having the capacity and availability to work.
If you don’t meet these requirements, you can contact the Portuguese Social Security Office (Seguranca Social) to see if you are entitled to any support.

Requirements to work in Portugal

Work visas in Portugal
Citizens from the European Union (EU) and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) moving to Portugal will not need any official permit to work but they will have to find a job and apply for a residency card (Cartão de Residencia) within six months. See our guide for EU/EFTA citizens moving to Portugal for more information.
If you’re a non-EU citizen you’ll typically need to obtain a visa to work in Portugal. If you’re only working in the country on a short-term contract, you can get a temporary stay visa, which is generally valid for up to three months.

Language requirements to work in Portugal

While speaking fluent Portuguese is of course an advantage, there are jobs in Portugal for English speakers. This is especially the case in the tourism and hospitality sector and with large multinational businesses based in Portugal.
If language is a barrier, there are plenty of institutions offering language classes, CESA languages and the Eurolingua Institute. See our guide to learning Portuguese in Portugal for details of language schools and opportunities. Should you decide to look for a job in the tourism sector, speaking other European languages such as German, French, and Spanish can be very useful.

Qualifications to work in Portugal

Most major European countries are signed up to the Bologna Process, through which your qualifications from your home country will be recognized in Portugal. If your country isn’t signed up, you should instead contact the National Academic Recognition Information Center (NARIC) in Portugal to ensure your qualifications are recognized.
You can find out whether your profession is regulated (needs specific qualifications for you to be able to practice it) in Portugal by checking on the European Commission’s database.

Tax and social security numbers in Portugal

Everyone carrying out official or legal activities, for example working or buying property, needs a Número de Identificação Fiscal (NIF) number. This applies to both residents and non-residents and should be sorted out through your local tax office in advance of looking for work in Portugal. The NIF number is a unique nine-digit number that you need in order to receive an income, pay Portuguese taxes, or claim social security in Portugal.

Starting a job in Portugal

Probation periods in Portuguese jobs depend on the type of contract as well as the type of job you’re doing. For permanent contracts, the probation period is between 90-240 days. For fixed-term or unfixed contracts it is between 15-30 days. During this time, the notice period for terminating your contract may be shorter.
Once you start work in Portugal, your employer should enroll you for social security including health insurance and the Portuguese state pension. You will also be covered for workplace accidents and be entitled to other statutory benefits.
Depending on your employer, you may also be offered the chance to opt in on a company pension to top up your state pension benefit, as well as other in-work benefits.

Useful resources

Portuguese Public Employment Service (Instituto do Emprego) – government employment website with information, job vacancies and more
EURES – EU job portal

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